青岛兆龙出国考试 > 托福 > 托福机经 > 2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测

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[兆龙机经] 2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测

信息来源: 青岛兆龙出国考试 发布时间:2018-04-20

摘要:针对托福阅读单项,考生应该加强对托福阅读文章和词汇的积累,平时多做一些阅读训练和学术词汇积累。在考试的时候,就能够提高阅读效率。2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测,赶紧下载。

关键词:2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测,2018年5月6日托福考试机经预测
机经内容:

  托福机经不只是真题的汇总,更像是一份备考资料。而每一次兆龙机经的命中,小编觉得都是一种幸运,也希望把这份幸运带给每一位机经使用者。本文和大家分享2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测,包括背景知识、学术场景、常考词汇等,深受广大托福考生和老师的喜欢。此外,托福阅读单项还根据讲座和对话两部分常考内容,为考生整理了真题测练内容。本文是2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测,真题内容较多,帮助考生逐一攻克。

  托福机经命中概况介绍:

  虽然每一次兆龙机经的命中,小编觉得都是一种幸运,但是也并不全靠运气。 青岛兆龙托福考试机经是以2007-2018年托福考试真题题库为基准,在此基础上,根据每一个单项的题型特点来分析数据和话题走向,从而整理出有针对性的托福考试机经预测。

  2017年兆龙托福机经收获很好的命中率,从写作和口语两个单项统计的命中来看,高达80%左右。截至目前为止,2018年3月份共进行了11次托福考试,而目前兆龙托福机经命中率已经达到了95%。我们会一如既往为考生提供实用且命中率高的机经,也想考生可以收获好成绩。

  2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测(部分内容展示):

  真题来源:2015-8-22CN The Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  P1: The Old Stone Age is the earliest period of human development and the longest phase of mankind’s history. It was not till around 30 thousand years ago (or 30 “kya") that the archaeological record reveals the emergence of technical and social advances, which comprised new technologies, hunting techniques, human burials, and an artistic tradition of astonishing competency. This dramatic change was known as the Upper Paleolithic Revolution. It had been traditionally argued that the Upper Paleolithic Revolution was an archaeological phenomenon exclusive to Eurasia. The absence of equivalent evidence in other regions suggested that a fundamental change had occurred in human intellectual development around 40 kya in Europe. However, the recent discovery in the Blombos Cave in South Africa of a block of decorated ochre and then sets of shell beads, dated to around 77 kya, opened up the debate. This supports other evidence of more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa from the same period. Now the Upper Paleolithic Revolution is regarded as the most noticeable evidence for the evolution of modern human behavior.

  •P2: Two further questions follow. First, what was happening to the human cognitive process during the 40,000 years or so from innovative usage of stone in the Blombos Cave to the flourishing of human creativity in Europe? Second, during the Pleistocene a series of momentous climatic events occurred—was climate change then a component? The question of whether the sudden transition seen in Europe was built on earlier developments in Africa has been addressed at length by anthropologists Sally McBrearty and Alison Brooks. They argue that the whole issue of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution stems from a profound Eurocentric bias and a failure to appreciate the depth and breadth of the African archaeological record.

  In fact, many South African archaeological sites show that the revolution occurred in Africa during the Middle Paleolithic—tens of thousands of years before they appeared in Europe. This is supported by evidence of using new stone tools like the blade and microlithic technology. Replication has shown that blades from the time required a high level of skill to make due to their shape, indicating a higher level of hominid complexity. At the same time, exploitation of aquatic resources began to prosper.

  •P3: Contrasted with this view of a spontaneous leap in cognition among ancient 一 humans, some authors like Alison S. Brooks, primarily working in African archaeology, point to the gradual accumulation of modern behaviors, starting well before the 50,000 year benchmark of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution models. The extraordinary range of rock art in Australia adds great weight to the idea that artistic creativity was part and parcel of the intellectual capacity of modem humans that migrated out of Africa around 70 kya For the time being, the emergence of Modern humans in sub-Saharan Africa, socio-economic dynamism that caused their expansion through the Nile Valley into the Near East, and then a migration along the southern route of Asia as far as Australia is the most plausible scenario, though it still leaves much to be desired from future archaeological research.

  •P4: The question of the sudden emergence of creative activity that appears to constitute the Upper Paleolithic Revolution falls to the ground. The obvious explanation is that the gap between African developments and the subsequent better-known European events is a matter of the limitations of the archaeological record. This does not altogether cover the question of why there was the sudden flowering of creativity at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe.

  It may be that earlier creative efforts have either been lost in or have yet to emerge from the mists of time. Recent finds of decorative pierced shells dating from 43 kya or even earlier in caves in parts of western Asia near Europe may be examples of a process extending the evidence back in time. The changes in human behavior have also been attributed to the changes in climate during the period, which encompasses a number of global temperature drops. This meant a worsening of the already bitter climate which hence forced the ancestors of today's Europeans to move into a largely unpopulated region, their sudden presence in the archaeological record appearing revolutionary.

  题目:

  1. Why does the author mention a block of decorated ochre and sets of shell beads?

  A. To help make the point that archaeologists regard artistic creations as the highest kind of human achievement

  B. To illustrate how the discovery of certain objects makes the discovery of certain other objects more likely

  C. To give some of the evidence that has changed archaeologists' thinking about human intellectual development

  D. To help explain why archaeologists have been slow to recognize the importance of certain evidence available to them

  2. How far back in time do the origins of the more versatile stone implements and bone tools found in Africa go

  A. To around 40 kya

  B. To around 77 kya

  C. To the time of the Upper Paleolithic Revolution

  D. To a time before modern "human” behavior had begun to evolve

  3. The word "equivalent" in the passage is closest in meaning to

  A. comprehensible

  B. concrete

  C. comparable

  D. widely debated

  4. According to paragraph 2, what do archaeologists want to know about the climate?

  A. Whether it was a reason that humans lived in caves

  B. Whether it was stable throughout that period

  C. Whether it changed in similar ways in Africa and Europe

  D. Whether it was a factor in how the human cognitive process developed

  以上是2018年5月6日托福考试阅读机经预测的部分内容,点击下载2018年5月6日托福考试机经完整内容,获取托福考试真题,让你熟悉和熟练掌握托福考试题目。本次机经真题较多,希望考生可以早做准备,从而预留出更多的时间来备考。

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